Timeline

Year
Historic Dates in Eden

Historic Dates in Australia

1795-6
 
Bass and Flinders make voyages in the TOM THUMB
1797/8
 

Bass noted Twofold Bay in December 1797 as he travelled south along the coast.

On December 19 Bass entered, named and mapped Twofold Bay and its safe harbour, Snug Cove (“Weecoon” to the Thawa). Bass's journal noted Twofold Bay "seemed capable of affording security for shipping"

3 December 1797 George Bass set off in a 9 metre whale boat with a crew of eight and supplies for six weeks to explore the coast south of Sydney. On the way south he explored the Shoalhaven River, Jervis Bay and Twofold Bay before rounding the southern-most point of the mainland and reaching Western Port Bay.  After a voyage of 11 weeks and exploring 1931 kilometres of coastline Bass returned to Sydney on 24 February, 1798. Bass's report of this voyage, particularly his belief, based on the great swell and the direction of the tides that a strait separated the mainland from Van Diemen's Land, motivated Governor John Hunter to commission of Lieutenant Matthew Flinders and Bass to undertake another journey of exploration in 1798. 
1798
9 - 17 October: During Bass and Flinders voyage to establish a route to Van Diemen’s Land, they sought shelter in Twofold Bay during adverse winds and took the opportunity to survey the area.
Below is excerpt from Mathew Flinders journal recording what was most likely the first contact between local aboriginals and Europeans.
"In order to make some profit of this foul wind, Mr Bass landed early next morning to examine the country, whilst I went with Mr Simpson to commence a survey of Two-fold Bay. In the way from Snug Cove, through the wood, to the long northern beach, where I proposed to measure a base line, our attention was suddenly called by the screams of three women, who took up their children and ran off in great consternation. Soon afterward a man made his appearance. He was of a middle age, unarmed, except with a whaddie, or wooden scimitar, and came up to us seemingly with careless confidence. We made much of him, and gave him some biscuit; and he in return presented us with a piece of gristly fat, probably of whale. This I tasted; but watching an opportunity to spit it out when he should not be looking, I perceived him doing precisely the same thing with our biscuit, whose taste was probably no more agreeable to him, than his whale was to me. Walking onward with us to the long beach, our new acquaintance picked up from the grass a long wooden spear, pointed with bone; but this he hid a little further on, making signs that he should take it on his return. The commencement of our trigonometrical operations was seen by him with indifference, if not contempt; and he quitted us, apparently satisfied that, from people who could thus occupy themselves seriously, there was nothing to be apprehended."

7 October 1798 Bass and Matthew Flinders set out from Port Jackson. Bass and Flinders sailed the Norfolk through Bass Strait and round Van Diemen's Land (Tasmania), proving that it was an island. They returned to Port Jackson on 12 January 1799

1800
 
Australia's population 5217
Flinders's voyage in the INVESTIGATOR
1801
 
Governor King orders Aborigines gathering around Parramatta, Georges River and Prospect Hill "to be driven back from the settler's habitation."
1803
 
Flinders circumnavigates Australia
1804

On Monday last arrived the Sloop Contest, from the Southward, with the Detachment on board all well. In Two-fold Bay Mr. Draffin went on shore, accompanied by the Master of the vessel,   attended by Mongoul, a native of Sydney. Shortly after landing they were surrounded   by a numerous body of the natives of that quarter, who were particularly civil to the     small party, and especially so to Mongoul.

In the evening he was left on shore at his own request; two soldiers remaining also among the natives, who had formed an encampment near the beach; - but shortly after, owing to some sudden   misunderstanding, three spears were darted    at Mongoul, but were dexterously avoided. The soldiers in order to intimidate them, fired over their heads, and induced them to retreat precipitately. They re-appeared next morning, and renewed their courtesy, but with much caution, and as if intent upon some mischievous design. The first   opportunity that offered they found means   to carry off a knapsack with its whole contents, and immediately all disappeared.      

They were pursued, however, with every   expedition, and followed by their tracts thro' the Brush to the distance of 12 to 14 miles before they were overtaken; when being discovered dressed in the cloathing taken from the knapsack, and dancing, they were instantly closed with, but taking to their spears, and other offensive weapons, rendered it necessary to fire upon them one was killed, the others followed the party back to their boats, annoying them with spears at every opportunity, which   they continued to do until the whole were embarked.
"SHIP NEWS." The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (NSW : 1803 - 1842) 22 Jul 1804  

Hobart Town is established in Van Diemens Land
1805

On Thursday three persons who left the Cove with three others in a whale boat: about three weeks ago for King's Island under the direction of Mr Joseph Murrell, came in overland from Botany Bay with the unpleasant information of the crew being  assaulted by the natives at Jervis Bay, and Mr Murrell dangerously wounded in the back by a spear.

 The account given by these people is as  follows;  That every where along the coast the natives wore a menacing appearance, and manifested  a wish to attack them : that upon making Two-fold Bay they perceived a small group round a fire, who greeted them in a very friendly tone ; trusting in which they landed, and proceeded with buckets towards a watering place, but before they reached which, a flight of spears was thrown without mischief; but being speedily succeeded by a second, one of the weapons, most dangerously barbed, lodged in Mr, Murrell's side, which was transpierced ; and as the whole of the barb appeared, it was broken off and readily extracted. They made to the boat, leaving their inhuman assailants to express their joy of the barbarous event by re-echoed peals of mirth, were soon out of their reach. The travellers next set down on a small neighbouring island. The morning following, four natives visited them, and having begged a jacket or two, left four boys as hostage of their return with fish ; but heedless of its consequence, these wretches soon returned accompanied by a vast number of others armed in their canoes, and a determination was formed to resist their landing. The blacks in consequence commenced a new assault with their spears, which were answered with muskets, and at length retreated with the loss of two killed, besides several being wounded. They returned the same day from the   back of the island unperceived ; and in increased numbers taking the little party by surprise, they were obliged to take precipitately to their boat as the only means of preservation : but leaving their provision and necessaries, upon which they left their adversaries voraciously regaling. Unable to proceed for their destination they reversed their course, but could only reach Botany Bay, on account of contrary wind, and have there received from the owner every comfort and assistance.

"SYDNEY." The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (NSW : 1803 - 1842) 27 Oct 1805 

1806
The sealer ‘George’ was holed by rocks in Twofold Bay and sent a small boat on to Sydney for help.
Bligh Governor of New South Wales
1808
 
Mutiny in New South Wales; deposition of Bligh
1809
 
Macquarie Governor of New South Wales
1812

The schooner Unity, travelling to Van Dieman's Land, lay two days in Twofold Bay; where four of  her people landed with a small boat on the south-sideto go  shooting at an extensive lagoon, where they had to convey their boat about 100 yards overland. As they accomplished this, they found themselves hemmed in by several hundred natives, who immediately attacked them with spears. The small party had only two muskets, one of which was in a much impaired state. By discharging only occassionally at natives that advance nearer than others, the Unity party succeeded in crossing to the sea-shore with their boat.

A number of the spears thrown struck the vehicle, and were frequently supposed by the people to have passed through the bodies of each other; but no less miraculously than fortunately, they reached the   sea-side without a wound, and thence escaped.

"Sydney." The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (NSW : 1803 - 1842) 19 Sep 1812

1813
 
Blaxland discovers a way across the Blue Mountains. Evans discovers the Bathurst plains. Davey Lieutenant-Governor of Van Diemen's Land.
1814
 
Death of Flinders. Establishment of Civil Court in New South Wales
1816
 
Bank of New South Wales founded
1817
The Australian botanist, Allan Cunningham landed at Snug Cove so that he could collect botanical specimens.
 
1821
First recorded shipment of wattle bark from Twofold Bay
31 May: While seeking shelter from bad weather at Twofold Bay the schooner Mary, carrying a valuable cargo, worth nearly £3000, was wrecked. No lives were lost but the ship and its cargo were lost and the survivors, Captain Richard Heaney, his wife and crew were attacked by the local natives and compelled to travel overland to Sydney
 
1823
 
New South Wales Judicature Act passed
The first Australian wine is exported
1824
 
Hume and Hovell's expedition to Port Phillip
1825
The schooner 'Sophia' sought shelter in Twofold Bay but was driven ashore and lost.
Alteration of western boundary of New South Wales.
Arthur Governor of Van Diemen's Land
1827
The schooner 'Olivia" lost near Twofold Bay
John Oxley leads an expedition to the Liverpool Plains west of present day Tamworth, NSW. This area is settled in the 1830s
1828
Captain Thomas Raine, then a Sydney merchant and whaler, put 25 men ashore in Snug Cove under the command of John Irvine to begin a shore-based whaling operation.
 
The Schooner 'Amelia' lost near Twofold Bay
Enlargement of the Legislative Council of New South Wales.
1829
 
Whole of Australia claimed as British territory.
The PARMELIA conveys first immigrants to Swan River
1830
"Mr. Staples, of James's Buildings, George-street, will sail in a day or two, in the Currency Lass, to Twofold Bay, in quest of black oil."
Act establishing trial by jury in New South Wales.
Sturt explores the Murray to the sea. Perth founded.
1832
Peter Imlay en route from Launceston to Sydney in his chartered schooner ‘Elizabeth’, stopped in Twofold Bay in order to investigate the extraordinary rumours of wild killer whales assisting whalers. He immediately saw the potential of the wide bay with its safe harbours as a port for the rich pastoral areas beyond and decided to settle here and begin a whaling, agricultural and grazing venture.
Port Arthur opens as a penal settlement in Tasmania
1834
In a despatch from Governor Richard Bourk to Earl of Aberdeen,Secretary of State for the colonies 4th July, 1834 Governor Bourke communicated the proposal of Mr. James Atkinson, for the settlement of Twofold Bay, by means of emigration from the north of Ireland. Although Bourke objected to Mr.Atkinson's plan,he expressed himself in favour of the extension of the limits of location as far as Twofold Bay. The Earl of Aberdeen has stated in reply dispatch that "His Majesty's Government are not prepared to authorise a measure, the consequences of which would be to spread over a still further extent of territory, a population which it was the object of the late land regulations to concentrate."
Nov: The Home Government authorized the captain of HMS Alligator to seek and appropriate site for settlement.
 
Imlay Brothers, Alexander, George and Peter set up a whaling station at Snug Cove
Fire consumes Messrs Imlay stores
Act to establish Colony of South Australia. The Hentys settle at Portland
1835
Gov of NSW Governor Richard Burke visited the Bay on board HMS Hyacinth
 
1836

After Gov. Bourke's visit approval was granted for the Legislative Council to issue licences to depasture vacant Crown Land beyond the limits of location. This legitimised the position of squatters like the Imlay Brothers who obtained licences over large tracts of land in the Twofold Bay area.

The Imlay Brothers sent the first recorded shipment of wool from Twofold Bay

Adelaide founded
1837
Despatch to Lord Glenelg, Secretary of State for the colonies from Governor Bourke 9 Mar: "I am bound to state, that further reflection, and the advantages of personal observation, afforded by a recent excursion to Twofold Bay and the neighbouring country, have more than ever impressed me with the correctness of the opinions expressed in my dispatch of Jul, 1834. On the excursion alluded to I found the greater part of the vast tract of fertile land lying between the country of St. Vincent and Twofold Bay, depastured by flocks and herds attended by shepherds and stock men ; the pastures, already, contributing largely to the wealth of the colony, and exceeding in importance many of the districts where land is disposable by sale or on lease. An export of live stock, from Twofold Bay to Van Dieman's Land had commenced, and is likely to increase...I would propose that a township be marked out at Twofold Bay...In the event of a township being established at Twofold Bay, it would be desirable to form a road from thence to Murard Plains, a part of which would pass over a rocky range of mountains. The remoteness of this work would render it a very desirable employment for the convicts"
Accession of Queen Victoria.
Melbourne named.
1839
Latrobe appointed superintendent of Port Phillip.
Strzelecki finds traces of gold
1840
Establishment of a post once a week, connecting Broulee with Twofold Bay.
Dr Imlay undertook the post conveyance to and from Twofold Bay at his own risk, for twelve months gratuitously.
 
"His Excellency the GOVERNOR...deemed it expedient to open and make certain Parish Roads from Braidwood to Broulee, and from Broulee to Twofold Bay"
NSW Government Gazette Nov 25 1840
Order in Council discontinuing transportation to Australia.
Eyre starts for the centre of the continent. Strzelecki's journey through Gippsland.
Ben Boyd writes to Lord John Russell about his plans for "further developing the resource of Australia and its adjacent Islands
1841
 
Grey appointed Governor of South Australia
1842
Eden surveyed by Mr Thomas Townsend.
“His Excellency the Governor has been pleased to direct it to be notified, for general information, that a settlement at Twofold Bay will be opened to location in the commencement of the month of March, 1843, and that some town allotments, as well as grazing lands, will be sold as early in that month as circumstances will admit of. The sale will take place, in Sydney, in the usual manner; and further notice will be given as soon as the particulars are received from the Surveyor General”
Australasian Chronicle 10 Nov 1842 
 
Benjamin boyd commences operations at Boydtown assigning Oswald Brierly as manager
 
Dec 7th: The Pathfinder Expedition - Oswald Brierly sets of on an expedition to the Monaro to investigate the prospect of a road between Twofold Bay and the Monaro.
Act for the Government of N.S.W. and Van Diemen's Land passed.
 
Benjamin Boyd accompanied by Oswald Brierly arrived in Port Jackson in the Wanderer preceded by the Boyd's steamers Seahorse, Juno, Velocityand Cornubia all carrying supplies for Boyd's ventures.
1843
Jan 3rd: Pathfinder Expedition returns to Twofold Bay from the Monaro
The first sale of land in the township of Eden, 9th March.
Captain Owen Stanley from HMS Rattlesnake surveyed the Bay with Lt Bamfield Yule
Ben Boyd commenced building Boydtown.The Seahorse Inn built and proposed to base his Steamship Company at Twofold Bay
 
1844
 Post Office built in Boydtown
May 1844 Benjamin Boyd now one of the largest landholders and graziers in the colony with fourteen stations in the Monaro and four in the Port Phillip District
1845
Crown and Anchor completed & James Rixon granted first liquor license
 
1846
George & Alexander Imlay die
Oswald Walter Brierly, and Thomas Winder Campbell, Esqrs., both of Boyd Town appointed magistrates for Twofold Bay
Fitzroy 'Governor-General' of Australia. Lieutenant Yule hoists British flag in New Guinea.
1847
First Post Office opened
 
First Court of Petty Sessions at Eden was held on 7th July 1847. Mr Charles Nagel was Clerk of Petty Session. Magistrates were O. Brierley, W Campbell, James S Walker.
Boyd's Tower erected
 
Operations at Boydtown cease
Benjamin Boyd controversially imports Pacific Islanders to work as labourers and shepherds. 
1848
Customs House was built

Oswald Brierly leaves Eden to join Captain Owen Stanley on the H.M.S. Rattlesnake
Melbourne elects Lord Grey to the Legislative Council
Benjamin Boyd declared bankrupt and leaves Australia
1849
From at least this date George Barclay operated a general store from a slab building in Chandos Street.
Registration of spirit merchants 19th Nov 1849:
"George Barclay, a slab built cottage containing 7 rooms plastered inside and rough coat outside, shingled roof. 
Later the business was moved into what is now the Great Southern Hotel"
 
1850
 
Western Australia becomes a penal colony. University of Sydney founded.
Australian Colonies Government Act passed. Railway from Sydney to Goulburn built.
1851
 
Separation of Victoria from New South Wales.
Gold found at Ballarat
The gold rush begins near Bathurst in New South Wales
Ben Boyd disappeared on the island of Guidalcanal in the Solomon Islands
1852

The schooner 'Margaret' lost in Twofold Bay

 

Cattle Bay purchased by the Imlay Brothers to facilitate their operation to ship cattle to Hobart

University of Melbourne founded
1853
 
Tasmania named
The last convicts are shipped to Tasmania
1854

Population of Eden 180 adults and 85 children

 

The schooner 'Teazer' lost off Twofold Bay

The Eureka Stockade
1855
 
New constitutions come into effect in New South Wales, Victoria, South Australia, and Tasmania. Ballot Act passed in Victoria.
First anti-Chinese legislation passed.
1856
The ship 'Lawrence Frost' broke in two and sank in Twofold Bay
 
1857
First government school started with an enrollment of 12 girls and 30 boys.
 
Eden Court House built 1857/58
The first police station erected in Cocora Street. the Police fenced of the headland beyond Snug Cove for their horse paddock.  A Chief Constable and two troopers were stationed at the Eden Watch Hose and their jurisdiction stretched from Cape Howe in the south, Bermagui River in the north and the Monaro Tablelands to the west.
 
The Great Southern Hotel was constructed as the Twofold Bay Stores.  It operated as a general store run by George Barclay and Joseph Teas.
 
Alexander Walker Davidson built a whaling station on the shores of Kiah Inlet
 

In the Parliamentary session of 1857, the urgent necessity for constructing a new road from Eden to Bombala, the chief town of the extensive pastoral district of Maneroo (for the shipment of whose exports and imports Eden is obviously the natural port) ,was submitted to the Legislative Assembly. The sum of £1000 was, accordingly, voted, and Mr James H. Thomas, C.E., was appointed to survey the line and construct the road.

 

The Illawarra Steam Navigation Company was incorporated through a merger of the Kiama Steam Navigation Company, the Twofold Bay Pastoral Association and a small fleet owned by Sydney entrepreneur, Edye Manning. Originally, sailing ships provided the service. The first steamer was William IV, known as ‘Puffin Billy’

 
1858
Feb: The laying of the foundation-stone of the New Wharf drew a large crowd. The stone was laid  by Daniel Egan, Esq., who, after speaking at some length of the many advantages to be derived by this boon to the public, and of the facilities that will be given in unloading and reloading of vessels trading to and from this port, stated, that by the request of the gentlemen forming the committee, the wharf hereafter would be designated Egan Wharf. This announcement was received with great cheering by the crowd on.
 
The General Steam Navigation Company, the Kiama Steam Navigation Company and the Shoalhaven Steam Navigation Company merged to become the Illawarra Steam Navigation Company which held a near monopoly for shipping on the south coast, and their fleet visited every significant port between Sydney and the Victorian border.
 
Mr. P. J. Murray appointed Police Magistrate for police district of Eden.  New watchhouse built in Eden and arrangements were made by the Government for holding petty sessions at Pambula and Bega.
 
1859
Feb: Completion of new road between the Monaro to Eden
Colony of Queensland proclaimed
1860
The Kiandra Gold Rush began and brought boom times to the Port of Eden with a floating population of around 4000
 
"Twofold Bay and Maneroo Telegraph" is first published a few short months before the "Twofold Bay and Maneroo Observer"
 
Extension added to Eden Court House
 
Eden's first lighthouse, a timber construction, erected on Lookout Point
 
Commercial Banking Company of Sydney Ltd. opened branch in Eden
McDouall and Stuart reach the centre of the continent
 
1861
 
Burke and Wills expedition
1862
The 'City of Sydney' a a single screw steamship of 735 tons and carrying around 100 passengers ran ashore in fog near Green Cape on a voyage from Melbourne to Sydney on 6 October. No lives were lost but the ship was a total loss
 
A lamp visible for 7 miles was installed in the timber lighthouse at Lookout Point
The Victorian government orders construction of world’s largest equatorially mounted reflector telescope
1863
Although in use since the 1830s Eden Cemetery is only officially dedicated on 16th June 1863
South Australia undertakes to administer the Northern Territory
1865
24th May: The foundation stone of St George's Church was laid by Isabella Barclay the widow of George Barclay
 
1866
2nd June: St. Georges Presbyterian Church opened by Rev. John Dunmore Lang (services were previously held in the Court House as St. Andrew's Presbyterian Congregation)
 
1867
Money Order System introduced to Eden
End of transportation to Western Australia. Gold discovered at Gympie
1868

Telepgraph line between Twofold Bay and Bombala opened.  The telegraph office was located in the 'Crown and Anchor'

 

Mr Charles Kebby appointed Eden Post & Telegraph Station Master & line repairer. Mr Kebby lived in 'Half House', his home being used as the Post Office.

The last convicts are transported to Australia.
1870
Telegraph line extended from Eden to Gabo Island
British troops withdrawn from Australia
1872
 
Overland telegraph line from Adelaide to Port Darwin constructed
1873
 
Ayers Rock (Ularu) is first sighted by Europeans
1874

A wooden observatory was constructed on the site where the Eden Fishermen's Club carpark now stands for the observation of the Transit of Venus on the 6th June.

A Government Savings Bank branch opened at Half House

 
1875
An earthquake, accompanied by a loud rumbling sound like the rolling of thunder, occurred on the 12th June at 3.40 p.m. The shocks were sufficiently severe to rattle the windows of the houses and of the church. They lasted about five seconds. The direction of the wave was from north-west to south-east. 
Iron smelting began in Lithgow under the direction of Enoch Hughes
1876
 
The last full blooded Tasmanian aboriginal, Truganini, dies
1877
 
Louis Brennan patents a wire-guided and wire-driven torpedo for harbour defences.
1878
 
Black Wednesday' (January 8). Melbourne, Victoria
"Graham Berry's radical liberal ministry had cut a swathe through the upper echelons of the colony's civil service, dismissing judges of the county courts, courts of mines and insolvency courts, police magistrates and wardens of goldfields, coroners and deputy-coroners, some Crown prosecutors, and a number of senior departmental officers. A second round of dismissals on 24 January brought the total retrenched to nearly 400, although most were subsequently reinstated."
Deakin, Alfred, 'The crisis in Victorian Politics, 1879-1881', Melbourne University Press, Melbourne, 1957.
1879
Funds for construction of lighthouse at Greencape allocated
First Australian Trade Union Congress
1880

The Twofold Bay Store becomes the Great Southern Hotel. The first licencee was John Hopkins.

Site for Greencape Lighthouse surveyed

Capture of the Kelly Gang
1881

Excavation of site for Greencape Lighthouse begins

 

Mr. Charles Kebby, for thirteen years post and telegraph master at Eden and a highly respected resident, died on July 18 1881. Nearly the whole population of Eden and the surrounding district assembled at the funeral
It was reported in newpapers that shortly before his death Mr Kebby gone to Gabo Island to repair the line connecting the island with the mainland. It was reported he suffered considerable hardship owing, to a supply of provisions being refused by the officer in charge of the lighthouse. It is thought that in consequence of this he caught cold from exposure, and erysipelas* set in, which proved fatal.
* also known as St. Anthony's Fire, is an intensely red bacterial infection that occurs on the face and lower extremities.

 
1882
 
The Kimberley gold rush
1883
Green Cape Lighthouse first operated on 1st November
Silver discovered at Broken Hill
1885
 
Federal Council established
1886
Ly-ee-Moon wrecked while rounding Green Cape on the night of 30 May. Seventy one passengers drowned leaving 13 survers
John Ashburton Thompson demonstrates that typhoid could be spread by milk
1887
 
First Colonial Conference
1888
St. Josephs convent erected.
Chinese camps established near various townships on the South Coast of NSW, that near Eden accommodating about 40 or 50 men who do work under contract for landholders. Suspicion raised that ships were landing Chinese illegally at these camps and evading Immigration Act.
Intercolonial Conference on Chinese immigration
1888
St Joseph's Roman Catholic Church commenced a school
 
1889
 
Arthur James Arnot patents the world's first electric drill.
1890
Sabina and James Pike operated the Commercial Hotel between 1890 and and 1893
George Davidson became the master whaler and took over the Davidson family whaling business
Great maritime strike
1894

EDEN TUESDAY.

A huge whale was killed here last night. It sank Captain Russell's yacht Tea Tephi and damaged the wharf.

The Sydney Morning Herald Wed 29 August 1894

1896
The cottage, Loch Garrah" (which still stands) was built at Davidson Whaling Station by George Davidson
 
1899

The decision of the postal authorities to institute a daily town delivery  evoked general satisfaction in Eden according to the Sydney Morning Herald of 18th March

First Labour Government (Queensland).
Australian contingents sent to South African War
1900
Shipping of cattle from Eden ceased
The Commonwealth Constitution before the Imperial Parliament
Sydney: 103 people killed by Bubonic Plague (Sep 30)
1901
1 January:  Eden Post Office opened on the corner of Imlay & Mitchell streets aka"Confusion Corner"
First Commonwealth Parliament opened May 9
1902
"The Yambulla mail coach from Eden on Wednesday was carried off the crossing at Nullica Creek. A quantity of provisions was lost. The mails were saved with difficulty. The Towamba River was not crossable yesterday."
The Sydney Morning Herald 22 dec 1902
 
1903
First railway sleepers cut
 
1904

The Australasia Hotel opened and was operated by Sabina and James Pike until 1923

 

Illawarra Steam Navigation Company incorporated as the Illawarra & South Coast Steam Navigation Company

 

Store and residence built for Matt Howard at 178 Imlay Street. Matt sold benzene oil, motor vehicle accessories, new tyres and was an agent for motor cars.  the building is now a coffee/gift shop and part of teh Heritage House Motel and Units

 

"In consequence of representations from the Eden Progress Association, the Postmaster General has decided to institute a direct mail service between Bombala and Eden three times a week, and a letter-receiving office is to be established at Lower Towamba."
The Sydney Morning Herald 24 Feb 1904

The Seat of Government Act was passed  in the Federal parliament, naming the  south-western town of Dalgety the site of the future national capital - with the port of Eden as the Federal port. However the New South Wales government  did not support the decision, and refused to transfer the land to the Commonwealthl
1905

License & goodwill of the great Southern Hotel transferred from Sabina Pike to Sam Solomon

 

"The Postmaster General is now calling for tenders for the erection of a telephone from Towamba to Yambulla, via Pericoe. The distance is estimated at 14 miles. The wire is to be run on trees where they are available.
This line will be a boon to the district, as all correspondence and traffic between Wangrabelle and Eden passes through Yambulla."
Feb 9 1905

 
1906
June: 1st meeting of the temporary council held
24 November: The first Imlay Shire Council election held
7 December: 1st permenant Council meeting
 
January: the Hotel Australasia opened. Mr. W. A. Robertson, acted as licensee for the first month before the building's owner & developer Sabina Pike took over the running of the Hotel and was to remain as licensee of the Australasia for almost two decades.
Bondi Surf Lifesaving Club established.
PNG officially under Australian control
1907
Addition to Post Office built
Murrumbidgee Irrigation Scheme begins.
The first trunk telephone line linking Sydney and Melbourne is opened
1908
 
Revocation of choice of Dalgety.
Canberra finally selected as site of federal capital
1909
14 April: Telephone exchange opened in Eden Post Office
Compulsory military service instituted in Australia
1911
The 'New Guinea' ran aground near Green Cape in fog on a voyage from Melbourne to Sydney on 13 February
 
1912
 
General Strike, the first of its kind in the country, following suspension of tramway employees over the right to wear union member badges.
Geelong: First Australian public telephone exchange installed
Commonwealth Bank opens as a savings bank.
The Wattle is declared Australia's national flower
1913
John Logan built ‘Edrom Lodge’ in East Boyd
 
The "Eden Magnet" says : -"The Twofold Bay Motor Transport Co. have received a telegraphic request from the Commonwealth Government to send the lorries to   Queanbeyan on the occasion of the official opening of the Federal Capital, which will take place on March 12th. The manager informs us that he will take lorries up and arrange special cheap trips for coastal residents to be present at this historic event." We would advise visitors to bring a supply of tents to accommodate themselves, also provisions, as all the hotels and boarding house accommodation is already taxed.
Topics of the Week. (1913, February 28). Queanbeyan Age
Construction of Canberra commenced in 1913.
The ceremony for the naming of Canberra took place on the 12th March.  The first stone being laid by Australian Prime Minister Andrew Fisher
1914
 
 Eden Police station moved to its present location
Australia's population 4,971,778
First airmail delivery from Melbourne to Sydney. Telephone link established between Melbourne and Adelaide
World War I begins. Australia offers Britain 20,000 troops
Cocos Islands: HMAS Sydney destroys German cruiser Emden
1917
 
Transcontinental Railway opened
1918
 
Formation of the Twofold Bay Development League
Great battle on the Somme (August 8); capture of Mont St. Quentin by Australian forces.
Defeat and surrender of Germany. Red Baron shot down by Australian gunfire. WWI Armistice
Influenza hit NSW killing 12,000
First direct wireless message from the UK to Australia
1919
Widespread flooding in the district with heavy stock losses, bridges washed away and many communities isolated
Ross and Keith Smith fly from England to Australia by aeroplane
1920
 
Visit of the Prince of Wales to Australia
QANTAS is formed as a local airline
Melbourne: Farmers form Australian Country Party
Sydney: The Communist Party of Australia formed
First successful flight from Melbourne to Perth
1921
Traveling Hypnotist visits town
Australia's population 5,510,944
Melbourne: 44 hour week to become standard
Sydney: Mascot Airport opens
Hobart: Opening of Cadbury factory in Claremont
1922
 
Melbourne: The Industrial Court of Appeal rejects concept of equal pay for women
Author Henry Lawson dies
1923
March: At the invitation of the South Coast Development League a Parliamentary tour of the Eden Monaro district was undertaken the main objective was to see the possibilities of the development of the district especially the Leagues proposal for a hydro electricity scheme for the Snowy River
Vegemite is first produced
1926
24 Oct: George Davidson's son, Jack along with two of his children drowned while crossing the bar at Kiah Inlet
 
10 Dec: South Coast towns & district suffer terrible loss in bushfires:  Many women and children were taken to the beach where they remained until the fire danger abated. The business section of Eden narrowly escaped being burned down.  The balcony of the Bank of NSW and a massive chimney stack of the Great Southern Hotel destroyed, but although it became ignited several times the wharf was not seriously damaged. 
At Kiah Dorron's Store and contents, the Roman Catholic Church and Kiah House the Davidson's homestead were all destroyed.
Near Eden the homes of Messrs. Nicolson and Boller destroyed
Saltwater Creek (3miles from Eden): Piesley's homestead & Legge's sawmill destroyed
Nullica: Mr Harvey's house destroyed
 Dec: Bushfires rage through Victoria and NSW
1927
 
Federal Parliament opened by Duke of York at the Commonwealth capital, Canberra
1928
 
Flight by Bert Hinkler from England to Australia, and by Kingsford Smith and Ulm from America to Australia and from Australia to New Zealand.
1930
 
On th 17th September 1930 the body of Old Tom, the last of the Killer Whales that worked in association with the Davidson family, floated into Twofold Bay.
Old Tom's death bought and end to whaling in Twofold Bay
 
Travelling picture show comes to Eden showing the first talkie movie to be seen in Eden
First Australian-born Governor-General appointed: Sir Isaac Isaacs
Most of Darwin turns out to see flyer Amy Johnson after her epic solo flight from London
Sydney: The 2 spans of the Sydney Harbour Bridge are joined. Phar Lap wins the Melbourne Cup at Flemington. Phone line links Perth with the rest of the country
1932

"Eden, on Twofold Bay, has had a narrow escape. Fires have swept across the heavily timbered country. They are particularly bad at Towamba, a small settlement 20 miles from Eden.
The fires advanced dangerously close
to Eden.  The town was enveloped in dense smoke. Business was suspended, and headed by the police the townspeople went out in a body to burn breaks. They cut numerous breaks, and burnt counter fires. Their efforts saved the town."
Report from the "Barrier Miner" 23 Jan 1932

Opening of Sydney Harbour Bridge
 
1933
 
Widespread flooding on the South Coast with Eden recording the highest rainfall, 18 inches between Jan 23-26.  Telephone & telegraph lines went down, wash aways and landslides completely blocked the Prince's Highway between Eden and the Victorian border, bridges over Saltwater and Palestine Creeks washed away.
 
Fish Industries Ltd. a company formed in Sydney with the object of establishing at Twofold Bay a base for fishing, fish products and whaling, commenced preliminary operations under the direction of Mr G. T. Russel.
An area of about seven acres with harbour frontage, at Quarantine Bay secured for the building of a factory, wharf and boats and Imlay Shire Council approval of plans obtained...The Sydney Morning Herald, 2 Oct
Dec 13: Fish Industries Ltd. incorporated
Australia's population 6,656,695
National Cancer Conference warns of dangers of sunburn causing skin cancer
Western Australia: Referendum produces 2 to 1 vote in favour of WA's secession from the Commonwealth. The British Government later rules WA has no right to request legislation on changes to the constitution.
Melbourne: Jewish Community meet at Town Hall to protest over treatment of Jews in Germany Florence:
Bert Hinkler's body discovered near his wrecked plane after disappearing over Italy in January while attempting to fly from England to Australia. Cabinet agrees to Royal Commission into treatment of Aborigines in Arnhem Land.
Sydney: First traffic lights installed
1934
The Sydney Morning Herald reported on the 25th January that bush fires were raging on the far South Coast near Eden and had destroyed portion of the State pine forest at Broadwater.
 
1935
Fish Industies Ltd., is bankrupted and WG Hancock sentenced to two years in prison
 
1936
Mr. R.B. Whiter and his two sons, bought and began to restore Boyd's 'Seahorse Inn'
Eden's 'Log Cabin' constructed by John Logan and donated to the Girl Guides.  The opening ceremony took place on 29th Feb
 
1937
14 Aug: John Logan died at his home Edrom Lodge
 
The Minister for Works and Local Government (Mr. Spooner) arrived at Eden in May and was entertained at a public dinner. Mr. Spooner inspected Cattle Bay, the pilot station and wharf. Subsequently, at the Shire Council meeting, Mr. Spooner expressed approval of the council's £10,000 programe for bitumening roads, footpaths, kerbing, and guttering in various towns in the shire. He offered a grant on a £-for-£ basis. He said that he had formed a definite opinion regarding the Eden Jetty, and would obtain estimates of the cost of constructing a new wharf and the cost of repairing the existing Jetty.
1939
 
Second World War begins.
Black Friday bushfires rage from South Australian border to Gippsland and NSW. 71 people die
Sydney: Short wave radio service Australia Calling begins broadcasting
1940
 
Australian forces share in North African campaigns
1941
 
HMAS Sydney in November sank with the loss of 645.
1942 28th March: 4 US Army pilots of the 8th Squadron, 49th Fighter Group were lost in this area in bad weather. Lt AE "Doc" Fielder made a landing on Aslings Beach. Lt Chester Namola landed near Berridale. Lt Neal T Takala crashed near Mt Imlay and Lt John J Musial near Narrabarba. Both were killed  
1942, 22 July
"William Dawes" torpedoed by Japanese submarine 1-11 east of Tathra. 5 seamen were killed and 58 rescued by "The Lass"
Darwin bombed and Rabaul captured by Japanese
1945
Eden Fishermen’s Co-operative registered 
Defeat of Germany (May). United Nations' Charter signed.
Migrant ship Cataqui struck a reef of King Island Tasmania. It was carrying 415 passenger and crew.
1946
 
Polio kills 1000
Lance Hill invents the Hills Hoist
1947
July: Eden fishermen decided send all fish caught by them direct to the Sydney and Melbourne,markets. "
At a meeting of the Eden Fishermen's Co-operative Society, it was decided not to use Nimmitabel as the despatch centre.
The fishermen were held under contract to despatch their fish through Nimmitabel,
A member of the society, Mr. S. R. Fontham, said that fish travelling through Nimmitabel took too long to reach the markets."Fish arriving at Nimmitabel are "put into the freezer, and, held over for delivery," he said. "Frozen fish cannot compete successfully against fresh at the markets.
"The Fishermen's Co-operative also stressed the need for fast road transport to take the fish direct from Eden to Sydney."
Before the State Government established the Nimmitabel Co-operative, fish was transported by road from Eden to Melbourne. Subsequently, however, the fishermen were told that fish would have to be sent to Nimmitabel, where it was placed in the freezing chambers. From there it was later sent to Sydney and Melbourne.
 
Work began on the construction of the Green Products Cannery at Cattle Bay
Australia's population 7,580,820
Australia joins the International Monetary Fund and the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (World Bank).
Qantas taken over by Commonwealth
Sydney: Don Bradman scores his 100th century in a cricket match against India
1948
 
The first all Australian car is produced-the Holden
1949
Tuna cannery opened
 
Eden Fishermen's Club opened
Beginning of Snowy Mountains Hydro-Electric Scheme, completed in 1972.
CSIRO founded
1950
Illawarra Steam Navigation Company goes into voluntary liquidation
The American owned tuna clipper Senibua (with its own spotting aircraft) arrived in Sydney and began to prepare for experimental pole fishing for tuna in Australian waters. The visit by the clipper was seen as an opportune time for Australian fishermen to learn tuna poling methods from experienced crews, assess tuna poling against purse seine netting, and explore the commercial viability of Australian tuna resources. 
1951/2
Last steamship pulls out of Eden
 
1953
 
 
Korean War ends after 3 years. Australian casualty's number 258 killed in action, 977 wounded and 4 missing, presumed killed.
Oct 15 Britain explodes the first of 2 atomic bombs at Woomera, west of the rocket range at Emu Field
Oct 27 Britain explodes another atomic bomb at Woomera, known as Operation Totem
Oil is discovered in the Exmouth Gulf off the coast of WA
1954
Sleeper-cutting industry ends in Eden with competition from W.A. blamed
Australia's population 9,089,936
Queen Elizabeth II arrives with Prince Philip for Royal Tour
Australian flag is raised at the new Mawson base in Princess Elizabeth Land in Antarctica, making it the world's most southern human settlement
1955
 
NSW hotels stay open until 10pm. NSW is the 4th Australian state to adopt extended hours
1956
 
Melbourne hosts the Olympics
1957
Completion of restoration of Seahorse Inn by R.B. Whiter & sons. Restorations began in 1936
Joern Utzon wins Sydney Opera House design competition. Australia's union movement steps up campaign for equal pay for women workers.
Remains of The Bounty found off Pitcairn Island
1958
 
QANTAS international services commence
NSW: Australia's biggest reservoir, Lake Eucumbene, is completed.
Dublin: New world record for the mile as runner Herb Elliott clocks in at 3 mins 54.5 secs
1959
 
 
 
1960
Mobil constructed a dedicated wharf, tanks and plant for small-scale petroleum imports and distribution to southern New South Wales 
Hotels and theatres open for the first time on Anzac Day. Organised sport allowed in the afternoon
1961
The cannery formally owned by the Green family sold to Kraft Foods
 
Increasing interest and sailing and power boating in the district leads to the formation of the Eden Aquatic Club.
Sydney: Last tram runs from La Perouse to Randwick workshops.
Woman fined for being "unsuitably dressed" wearing a bikini at Bondi Beach
Obstetrician Dr William McBride confirms the anti nausea drug thalidomide is linked to birth defects
1963
 
Sir John Eccles is awarded Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine for his work on transmission of nerve impulses
1965
 
Australian troops sent to the Vietnam War.
Dawn Fraser becomes youngest person to be named Australian of the Year
1966
 
 
Australia's population 11,704,843
Australia changes over to decimal currency.
Sydney: The first Australian conscripts fly out for Vietnam. Anti-conscription and anti-Vietnam War demonstrators could not get near the RAAF base at Richmond
Long Tan: Australian troops encounter one of the bloodiest episodes yet with the Viet Cong
1967
 
 
Melbourne: Ronald Ryan is the last man to hang in Australia for the murder of a prison warder while escaping from Melbourne's Pentridge Jail. His execution would result in the abolition of the death penalty.
90% of white Australians vote in referendum for proposal to count Aborigines in the census and to allow the Federal Government to make special laws for them
1969
Harris-Daishowa (Aust) Pty Ltd incorporated 20th December joint venture between Daishowa Paper Manufacturing Co and Harris Holdings Pty Ltd
Prime Minister Gorton announces phased withdrawal of Australian troops from Vietnam
1970
 
The world's first laser lighthouse goes into operation at Point Danger, NSW.
Pier Edman invents a process for sequencing proteins at the St Vincent's Research Institute in Melbourne.
1971
The present Post Office was opened in Imlay Street
 
Harris Daishowa constructed woodchip storage and packaging facilities
 
Ben Boyd National Park was reserved
Neville Bonner becomes the first Aboriginal to be a Member of Parliament
1972
Eden was the largest supplier of fish to the Sydney Fish Markets and a major supplier to the Melbourne Fish Market 
Changeover from Fahrenheit to Celsius for temperature measurement
1973
Ben Boyd National Park opened
Hobart: Australia's first legal casino opens at Wrest Point
Canberra: Attorney-General Senator Lionel Murphy orders a Commonwealth Police raid on the Melbourne headquarters of the ASIO, after the police told them they believed ASIO was withholding information concerning Croatian extremists in Australia.
The Queen officially opens the Sydney Opera House
1974
Kraft sells the Eden Cannery to the Heinz Company. Re-development and expansion followed.
 
Eden High School opened.
Darwin: Cyclone Tracy destroys the city in the early hours of Christmas Day, killing 65 people
1975
 
 
 
 
Australia's population 13,968,881
Hobart: Part of the Tasman Bridge across the Derwent River collapses when the bulk carrier Lake Illawarra slams into a pylon and sinks. 12 people die, some in cars as they plunged from the bridge to the river.
First colour broadcast ABC TV
The Family Law Court is established
Canberra: National health scheme Medibank launched
Public FM radio and colour television broadcasts begin -- test broadcasts had happened many years earlier.
1976
Boyd's Tower added to Ben Boyd National Park 
Eden Aquatic Club changed its name to the Twofold Bay Yacht Club
 
1978
 
 
Fishermen notice a drop off in tuna - once they could fish 4 miles offshore, by 1978 they had to travel 100 miles off shore.
 
After the loss of the Eden trawler Shirra-Lee with the loss of all hands on August 10 the town decides to raise funds for a Fishermen's Memorial Wall
 
Twofold Bay Yacht Club purchases local school building for $50.00.  The building was dismantled and later used to erect a new club house
Special Broadcasting Service (SBS) established
Federal Government accepts Indonesia's takeover of East Timor
Sydney: Two council workers killed after a bomb explodes outside the Hilton Hotel during the Commonwealth Heads of Government meeting (CHOGM)
NT achieves self government under Paul Everingham as Chief Minister
Melbourne: Ten year's research by Prof Graeme Clark results in world first cochlear implant (bionic ear) operation at the Royal Victorian Eye & Ear Hospital
1979
 
Imlay Shire Council acquired the Eden Log Cabin to house the Eden Town Library
Sydney: A fire on the ghost train at Luna Park claims 7 lives
Sydney: The city's eastern suburbs railway, originally planned in the 1870s, is opened
Western Australia: US space station Skylab rains debris onto a sparsely populated area of Western Australia
Sydney: The NSW Royal Commission on Drug Trafficking finds a link between drug dealers and the death of anti drug campaigner Donald MacKay
1980
The Fishermen's Memorial Wall completed
 
1981
Bega Valley Council, Imlay (Eden) Shire Council and Mumbulla Shire Council amalgamated to form Bega Shire Council
Australia's population 15,054,117
Melbourne: Trevor Chappell bowls the last ball underarm against New Zealand and outrages fans and cricket officials
1982
Due to over-fishing  Eden fisheries were placed under management with restrictions on many fish species and abalone. Consequently, the number of commercial fishermen declined. 
Brisbane: Prince Philip Opens Commonwealth Games
Canberra: The Queen opens the new Australian National Gallery
1983
100 years after it's construction Green Cape Lighthouse was automated
Australia wins the America's Cup
75 people die during Ash Wednesday bushfires which sweep through Victoria and South Australia.
Canberra: Federal Government floats the Australian dollar
1988
TASMAN HAULER. Scuttled off Twofold Bay July 30 
Bicentenary
The new Parliament House opens in Canberra
1990
 
Cat Balou Cruises are the longest established whale watching operators in NSW, having conducted their popular Whale Watching Cruises at Eden since 1990 
Dame Joan Sutherland's farewell stage performance
Treasurer Paul Keating admits Australia is in recession and makes reference to Australia becoming a "banana republic"
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Commission founded (ATSIC)
AARnet established by CSIRO & Australian Vice-Chancellors' Committee (first step of Internet in Australia)
1991
 
Australia's population 17,387,023. Industrial Relations Commission (IRC) approves Enterprise Bargaining
1992
Green Cape Lighthouse converted to solar power and the old light was decommissioned in favour of a new steel framed latticework tower located further toward the point.
 
1993
 
Unknown Soldier Memorial installed at the national War Memorial
1996
The first Eden Whale Festival was held in October
Australia's population 18,420,320
1997
 
 
1999
Eden's Greenseas Cannery closed leaving 1 in 8 of Eden workers unemployed
 
2000
Eden Community Access Centre opens
Sydney Hosts the Olympics and Paralympics.
South Australian scientists clone the first sheep in Australia, Matilda
Introduction of the GST

 

2001

 

Boxing Day: South Coast Bush Fires

Eden Library relocated from the Eden Log Cabin to its present location

Australia's population 19,529,274
Cricket legend Sir Donald Bradman dies at 92
2002
 

The Hon. Fran Bailey Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister for Defence announced that the Commonwealth had successfully negotiated and registered a second Indigenous Land Use Agreement (ILUA) which will allow Defence to construct and operate a multi-purpose wharf and Naval munitions and storage facility.

The agreement is with the Twofold Bay Native Title Group over land and waters at Twofold Bay near Eden, and was registered with the National Native Title Tribunal on 29 April.

"This $40 million project meets Navy’s long-term logistic and ammunitioning requirements for its east-coast-based fleet.

"The new Agreement is significant as the voluntary nature of the Agreement paves the way for collaborative relationships between the parties for the future management of the land and waters in this area."

Federal & State Governments agree to work towards uniform national laws to govern embryonic stem cell research
NSW: Two-thirds of the state drought-declared.
Queensland: 38 shires now drought-declared, representing 15% of Qld.
Bali: Around 190 people, including at least 85 Australians, are killed after a car bomb explodes outside a Kuta nightclub
2003
 
17 October, Navy Multi-purpose Wharf officially opened by Fran Bailey, Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister for Defence.
The wharf is capable of handling cargo vessels of up to 32,000 deadweight tonnes in size.
Bushfires across ACT, Vic, NSW, SA & Tas destroy homes and livestock throughout January and into February. Service commemorates the 61st Anniversary of the bombing of Darwin during WWII.
2004
Bega Valley Shire Council appoints the Eden Log Cabin Management Committee which commenced restoration of the building
The Ghan becomes the first passenger train to travel from Adelaide to Darwin
World War I veteran Ted Smout dies, aged 106
2005
 
Australia's population exceeds 20,209,993
2006
4 million dollar renovation of Seahorse Inn at Boydtown completed in 2006 by the Lyon Group Australia
18th Commonwealth Games held in Melbourne
2007
 
Australia hosts the APEC summit attracting over 20 of the worlds leaders.
Sydney shut down for around 7 days
2008
Near-complete specimen of a placoderm (armoured) fish from the coastal outcrop south of Eden Also collected the front half of a very large predatory lobe-finned fish, including most of the skull, palate, cheek, jaws, and shoulder girdle. The lobe-fins were the fish group that gave rise to the first land animals, the fleshy lobes in the fins being modified into limbs
Beijing China embraces the world at the Olympics. Australia comes in 6th Place
2009
 
The Black Saturday bushfires were a series of bushfires that ignited or were burning across Victoria on and around Saturday 7 February 2009. The fires occurred during extreme bushfire-weather conditions, and resulted in Australia's highest ever loss of life from a bushfire: 173 people diedand 414 were injured
2010
Eden Community Access Centre celebrates 10 years
North Queensland floods and cyclone Yasi
2011
Dr Graham Nelson died while skiing
St Joseph's Primary School founded by Mary McKillop closed
Brisbane Floods
2013
The Australasian (aka The Pit) sold